Center for Visual Sciences at Miami University (CVSMU)



DNA demethylation is a driver for chick retina regeneration.
Luz-Madrigal A, Grajales-Esquivel E, Tangeman J, Kosse S, Liu L, Wang K, Fausey A, Liang C, Tsonis PA and Del Rio-Tsonis, K.
Under review in Epigenetics. BioRxiv # 804161.

Generation of a Retina Reporter hiPSC Line to Label Progenitor, Ganglion, and Photoreceptor Cell Types.
Lam PT, Gutierrez C, Del Rio-Tsonis, K and Robinson ML
In press in Translational Vision Science & Technology. BioRxiv # 658963.


A simple power law governs much of sensory amplification and multisensory enhancement.
Billock V. A. and Havig, P.R.
Scientific Reports 8, 7645:1-7, 2018.

Lens regeneration: A historical perspective.
Vergara, M.A., Tsissios G and Del Rio-Tsonis, K.
Int. J. Dev. Biol. 62(6-7-8):351-361, 2018.

The antioxidant NAC induces chick retina regeneration.
Echeverri NP, Haynes T, Landers J, Gemma, M, Woods J, Hughes M and Del Rio-Tsonis, K.
Dev Biol. 433(2):394-403, 2018.

Controlling Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation of Cold-Adapted Crystallin Proteins from the Antarctic Toothfish.
Bierma, J. C., Roskamp, K. W., Ledray, A. P., Kiss, A. J., Christina Cheng, C.-H. and Martin, R. W.
J. Mol. Biol. 18. doi;10.1016/j.jmb.2018.10.023, 2018.


Developmental neurotoxicity and autism: A potential link between indoor neuroactive pollutants and the curious birth order risk factor.
Billock V. A. and Tsou B. H.
International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience 62:32-36, 2017.

Complement component C3a orchestrates early eye morphogenesis.
Esquivel Grajales E, Luz-Madrigal Z, Briely J, Haynes T, McKinney Z, Reis E, Han Z, Gutierrez C, Lambris J, Tsekou A, Tsonis PA, and Del Rio-Tsonis, K.
Dev. Biol. 428(1):88-100, 2017.

Lens development requires DNMT1 but takes place normally in the absence of both DNMT3A and DNMT3b activity.
Hoang TV, Horowitz ER, Chaffee BR, Qi P, Flake RE, Bruney DG, Rasor BJ, Rosalez SE, Wagner BD and Robinson ML.
Epigenetics 12:27-40, 2017.

N-cadherin regulates signaling mechanisms required for lens fiber cell elongation and lens morphogenesis.
Logan CM, Rajakaruna S, Bowen C, Radice GL, Robinson ML and Menko AS.
Dev Biol 428:118-134, 2017.


Visual hallucinations. (Commissioned review.)
Billock V. A.
Lancet Neurology 15:143, 2016.

FGFR and PTEN signaling interact during lens development to regulate cell survival.
Chaffee BR, Hoang TV, Leonard MR, Bruney DG, Wagner BD, Dowd JR, Leone G, Ostrowski MC and Robinson ML.
Dev Biol 410:150-163, 2016.


mirPRo-a novel standalone program for differential expression and variation analysis of miRNAs.
Shi J, Dong M, Li L, Liu L, Luz-Madrigal A, Tsonis PA, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Liang C.
Sci Rep. 5:14617, 2015.

Visual information processing: Neuronal strategies, limitations and tradeoffs.
Billock, V. A. and Tsou, B. H.
In C. Hoffman, & R.G. Driggers (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering. New York: Taylor & Francis. pp. 3297-3309, 2015.

Vision: Nonlinear dynamic approaches.
Tsou, B. H. and Billock, V. A.
In C. Hoffman, & R.G. Driggers (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering. 3278-3289, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2015.

Human vision and color.
Tsou, B. H. and Billock, V. A.
In C. Hoffman, & R.G. Driggers (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 925-935, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2015.


Bridging the divide between sensory integration and binding theory: Using a binding-like neural synchronization mechanism to model sensory enhancements during multisensory interactions.
Billock, V. A. and Tsou, B. H.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 26:1587-1599, 2014.

Integrin linked kinase (ILK) is required for lens epithelial cell survival, proliferation and differentiation.
Teo ZL, McQueen-Miscamble L, Turner K, Martinez G, Madakashira B, Dedhar S, Robinson ML and de Iongh RU.
Exp Eye Res 121:130-142, 2014.

AP-2α is required after lens formation to maintain lens integrity.
Kerr CL, Zaaveri MA, Robinson ML, Williams T and West-Mays JA.
Dev Dyn 243:1298-1309, 2014.

Nuclear removal during terminal lens fiber cell differentiation requires CDK1 activity: Appropriating mitosis-related nuclear disassembly.
Chaffee BR, Shang F, Chang ML, Clement TM, Eddy EM, Wagner BD, Nakahara M, Nagata S, Robinson ML and Taylor A.
Development 141:3388-3398, 2014.

Comparative transcriptome analysis of epithelial and fiber cells in newborn mouse lenses by RNA sequencing.
Hoang TV, Raj Kumar PK, Sutharzan S, Tsonis PA, Liang C and Robinson ML.
Mol Vis 20:1491-1517, 2014.

Reprogramming of the chick retinal pigmented epithelium after retinal injury.
Luz-Madrigal A, Grajales-Esquivel E, McCorkle A, DiLorenzo AM, Barbosa-Sabanero K, Tsonis PA, Del Rio-Tsonis K.
BMC Biol. 12(1):28, 2014.

From Zygote to Lens: Emergence of the Lens Epithelium
Robinson ML.
In Lens Epithelium and Posterior Capsular Opacification, edited by S Saika, L Werner and FJ Lovicu. Pp. 3-24. Springer, Tokyo, Japan. 2014.

Mannose supplements induce embryonic lethality and blindness in phosphomannose isomerase hypomorphic mice.
Sharma V, Nayak J, DeRossi C, Charbono A, Ichikawa M, Ng BG, Grajales-Esquivel E, Srivastava A, Wang L, He P, Scott DA, Russell J, Contreras E, Guess CM, Krajewski S, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Freeze HH.
FASEB J. 28(4):1854-69, 2014.

ß-catenin inactivation is a pre-requisite for chick retina regeneration.
Zhu, J, Luz-Madrigal, A, Haynes T, Burke, AK, Zavada, J and Del Rio-Tsonis, K.
PLoS One 9(7):e101748, 2014.


Hallucinations. Book review.
Billock V. A.
Optometry and Vision Science 90:e124-125, 2013.

Complement anaphylatoxin C3a is a Potent Inducer of Embryonic Chick Retina Regeneration.
Haynes T, Luz-Madrigal A, Reis ES, Echeverri Ruiz NP, Grajales-Esquivel E, Tzekou A, Tsonis PA, Lambris JD, Del Rio-Tsonis K.
Nat Commun. 4: 2312, 2013.

Deletion of autophagy-related 5 (Atg5) and Pik3c3 genes in the lens causes cataract independent of programmed organelle degradation.
Morishita H, Eguchi S, Kimura H, Sasaki J, Sakamaki Y, Robinson ML, Sasaki T and Mizushima N.
J Biol Chem 288:11436-11447, 2013

AKT activation promotes PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome-associated cataract.
Sellitto C. Li L, Gao J, Robinson ML, Lin RZ, Mathias RT and White TW.
J Clin Invest. 123:5401-5409, 2013.


Lens and retina regeneration: new perspectives from model organisms.
Barbosa-Sabanero K, Hoffmann A, Judge C, Lightcap N, Tsonis PA, Del Rio-Tsonis K.
Biochem J. 447(3):321-34, 2012.

Elementary visual hallucinations and their relationships to neural pattern forming mechanisms.
Billock V. A. and Tsou B. H.
Psychological Bulletin 138:744-774, 2012.

The cell adhesion gene PVRL3 is associated with congenital ocular defects.
Lachke SA, Higgins AW, Inagaki M, Saadi I, Xi Q, Long M, Quade BJ, Talkowski ME, Gusella JF, FujimotoA, Robinson ML, Yang Y, Duong QT, Shapira I, Motro B, Takai Y, Morton CC and Maas RL.
Hum Genet. 131:235-250, 2012.

Sprouty is a negative regulator of transforming growth factor β-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and cataract.
Shin EH, Basson MA, Robinson ML, McAvoy JW and Lovicu FJ.
Mol Med 18:861-873, 2012.

Implication of the miR-184 and miR-204 Competitive RNA Network in Control of Mouse Secondary Cataract.
Hoffmann A, Huang Y, Suetsugu-Maki R, Ringelberg CS, Tomlinson CR, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Tsonis PA.
Mol Med. 18:528-38, 2012.

Frs2α enhances fibroblast growth factor-mediated survival and differentiation in lens development.
Madakashira BP, Kobrinski DA, Hancher AD, Arneman EC, Wagner BD, Wang F, Shin H, Lovicu FJ, Reneker LW and Robinson ML.
Development 139:4601-4612, 2012.

Lens regeneration in axolotl: new evidence of developmental plasticity.
Suetsugu-Maki R, Maki N, Nakamura K, Sumanas S, Zhu J, Del Rio-Tsonis K and Tsonis PA.
BMC Biology 10(1):103, 2012.

The LEGSKO mouse: A mouse model of age-related nuclear cataract based on genetic suppression of lens glutathione synthesis.
Fan X, Liu X, Hao S, Wang B, Robinson ML and Monnier VM.
PLoS One 7:e50832, 2012.

MEK-ERK and heparin-susceptible signaling pathways are involved in cell-cycle entry of the wound edge retinal pigment epithelium cells in the adult newt.
Yoshikawa T, Mizuno A, Yasumuro H, Inami W, Vergara MN, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Chiba C
Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 25(1):66-82, 2012.


Reply to Comment on “Measurement of the refractive index of highly turbid media
W. Calhoun, H. Maeta, A. Combs, L. Bali, and S. Bali
Optics Letters 36: 3172.

To honor Fechner and obey Stevens: Relationships between psychophysical and neural nonlinearities.
Billock V. A. and Tsou B. H.
Psychological Bulletin 137:1-18, 2011.

Cell proliferation in the absence of E2F1-3.
Wenzel PL, Chong JL, Saenz-Robles MT, Ferrey A, Hagan JP, Gomez YM, Rajmohan R, Sharma N, Chen HZ, Pipas JM, Robinson ML and Leone G
Dev Biol 351:35-45, 2011.

The function of FGF signaling in the lens placode.
Garcia CM, Huang J, Madakashira BP, Liu Y, Rajagopal R, Dattilo L, Robinson ML and Beebe DC
Dev Biol 351:176-185, 2011.

Genetic epistasis between heparin sulfate and FGF-Ras signaling controls lens development.
Qu X, Hertzler K, Pan Y, Grobe K, Robinson ML and Zhang X.
Dev Biol 355:12-20, 2011.

Spry1 and Spry2 are necessary for lens vesicle separation and corneal differentiation.
Kuracha MR, Burgess D, Siefker E, Cooper JT, Licht JD, Robinson ML and Govindarrajan V.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:6887-6897, 2011.

Rac1 GTPase-deficient mouse lens exhibits defects in shape, suture formation, fiber cell migration and survival.
Maddala R, Chauhan BK, Walker C, Zheng Y, Robinson ML, Lang RA, Rao PV.
Dev Biol 360:30-43, 2011.

Controlling gene loss of function in newts with emphasis on lens regeneration.
Tsonis PA, Haynes T, Maki N, Casco-Robles MM, Yamada S, Miura T, Chiba C and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Nature Protocols 6(5): 593-9, 2011.

Expressing exogenous genes in newts by transgenesis.
Casco-Robles MM, Yamada S, Miura T, Haynes T, Maki N, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Tsonis PA and Chiba C.
Nature Protocols 6(5): 600-8, 2011.


Measurement of the refractive index of highly turbid media.
W. Calhoun, H. Maeta, A. Combs, L. Bali, and S. Bali. 2010
Optics Letters 35: 1224-1226, 2010.

Sef is a negative regulator of fiber cell differentiation in the ocular lens.
Newitt P, Boros J, Madakashira BP, Robinson ML, Reneker LW, McAvoy JW and Lovicu FJ. 2010
Differentiation 80:53-67, 2010.

Seeing forbidden colors
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Scientific American 302(2):72-77, 2010.

Neuroscience: Patterns from the brain. (Invited review of Mathematical Foundations of Neuroscience.)
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Nature 468:630-631, 2010.

Oocyte-type linker histone B4 is required for transdifferentiation of somatic cells in vivo.
Maki N, Suetsugu-Maki R, Sano S, Nakamura K, Nishimura O, Tarui H, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Ohsumi K, Agata K, Tsonis PA.
FASEB J. 24(9): 3462-7, 2010.

What visual discrimination of fractal textures can tell us about discrimination of camouflaged targets.
Billock VA , Cunningham, D.W., and Tsou BH
In D.H. Andrews, R.P. Herz, & M.B. Wolf (Eds.) Human Factors Issues in Combat Identification 99-112, Williston, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2010.

What visual discrimination of fractal textures can tell us about discrimination of camouflaged targets
In Human Factors Issues in Combat Identification
Billock VA , Cunningham DW and Tsou BH, edited by DH Andrews, R.P. Herz and M.B. Wolf
Ashgate Publishing, Williston, CT, pp. 99-112, 2010


Retinal regeneration in the Xenopus laevis tadpole: a new model system
Vergara MN and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Mol. Vis. 15:1000-10013, 2009.

Expression of stem cell pluripotency factors during regeneration in newts
Maki N, Suetsugu-Maki R, Tarui H, Agata K, Del Rio-Tsonis K and Tsonis PA
Dev. Dyn. 238(6):1613-1616, 2009.

The α1 isoform of the Na+/K+ ATPase is up-regulated in dedifferentiated progenitor cells that mediate lens and retina regeneration in adult newts
Vergara MN, Smiley LK, Del Rio-Tsonis, K, Tsonis PA
Exp. Eye Res. 88: 314-322, 2009.


Diffusion, intermittency, and noise-sustained metastable chaos in the Lorenz equations: The effects of noise on multistability
Tung WW, Hu J, Gao J and Billock VA
International Journal of Bifurcations and Chaos 18:1749-1758, 2008.

Molecular Diversity and Genomic Organisation of the alpha, beta and gamma eye lens crystallins from the Antarctic toothfish Dissostichus mawsoni
Kiss AJ and Cheng CHC
Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics
*:**-**, 2008 (in press).

A comparative proteomic analysis during urodele lens regeneration
Roddy M, Fox TP, McFadden JP, Nakamura K, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Tsonis PA
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 377(1):275-9, 2008.

Developmental studies of the mouse lens: Past, present and future
In Eye, Retina, and the Visual Systems of the Mouse
Robinson ML , edited by LM Chalupa and R Williams
MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. In press, anticipated publication date 2008.


Neural interactions between flicker-induced self-organized visual hallucinations and physical stimuli
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104:8490-8495, 2007.

BMP signaling mediates stem/progenitor cell induced neural retina regeneration
Haynes, T, Gutierrez, C, Aycinena, JC, Tsonis, PA and Del Rio-Tsonis, K
PNAS 104(51):20380-5, 2007.

FGF-Hedgehog Interdependence During Retina Regeneration
Spence JR, Madhavan M, Aycinena JC and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Dev. Dyn. 236:1161–1174, 2007.

Retina regeneration in the embryonic chick is not induced by spontaneous Mitf downregulation, but requires FGF/FGFR/MEK/ERK dependent upregulation of Pax6
Spence JR, Madhavan M, Aycinena JC, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Mol. Vision 13:57-65, 2007.

Who Do You Look Like? Evidence for the existence of facial stereotypes for male names
Lea MA, Thomas RD , Lamkin NA, and Bell A
In Press, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2007.


Real-time differential refractometry without interferometry at a sensitivity level of 10-6
McClimans M, LaPlante C, Bonner D, and Bali S
Applied Optics 45:6477–6487, 2006.

Fechner-Benham subjective colors do not induce McCollough aftereffects
Billock VA , Ditzinger T, Kelso JAS and Tsou BH
Spatial Vision 19:161-172, 2006.

Inertia and memory in ambiguous visual perception
Gao JB, Billock VA , Merk I, Tung WW, White KD, Harris JG and Roychowdhury VP
Cognitive Processing 7:105-112, 2006.

Identification of microRNAs and other small RNAs from the adult newt eye
Makarev E, Spence JR, Del Rio-Tsonis K, and Tsonis PA
Mol. Vision 12:1386-91, 2006.

The role of Pax-6 in lens regeneration
Madhavan M, Haynes T, Call MK, Minich CM, Smith TH, Tsonis PA, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(40):14848-53, 2006.

Contextual effects on fine orientation discrimination tasks
Saylor SA and Olzak L
Vision Research 46(18)2988-2997, 2006.

An essential role for FGF receptor signaling in lens development
Robinson ML
Semin Cell Dev Biol 17:726-740, 2006.

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) is dispensable for lens development in mice
Zhao H, Yang Y, Ciruna B, Partanen J, Rossant J, and Robinson ML
Mol Vis 12:15-25, 2006.

Processing time predictions of current models of perception in the classic additive factors paradigm
Thomas RD
Journal of Mathematical Psychology 50:441-455, 2006.

To Regeneration…with Complements
In Current Topics in Complement
Tsonis PA and Del Rio-Tsonis K , edited by J Lambris
Springer Press, pp.63-70, 2006.


Sensory recoding via neural synchronization: Integrating hue and luminance into chromatic brightness and saturation
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Journal of the Optical Society of America A 22:2289-2298, 2005.

BMP inhibition-driven regulation of six-3 underlies induction of newt lens regeneration
Grogg MW, Call K, Okamoto M, Vergara MN, Del Rio-Tsonis, K, and Tsonis, PA
Nature 438(7069):858-862, 2005.

CNS Regeneration: A morphogen’s tale
Vergara MN, Arsenijevic Y, and Del Rio-Tsonis, K
Journal of Neurobiology 64(4):491-507, 2005.

Contextual effects in fine spatial discriminations
Olzak LA and Laurinen PI
Journal of the Optical Society of America A 22:2230-2238, 2005.

Signaling through FGF Receptor-2 is required for lens cell survival and for withdrawal from the cell cycle during lens fiber cell differentiation
Garcia CM, Yu K, Zhao H, Ashery-Padan R, Ornitz DM, Robinson ML, and Beebe DC
Dev Dyn 233:516-527, 2005.


What do catastrophic visual binding failures look like?
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Trends in Neurosciences 27:84-89, 2004.

A role for cortical crosstalk in the binding problem: Stimulus-driven correlations that link color, form, and motion
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16:1036-1048, 2004.

Color, qualia and psychophysical constraints on the equivalence of color experience: Continuing Commentary
Billock VA and Tsou BH
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27:164-165; references on 168, 2004.

Facile isolation and the characterization of human retinal stem cells
Coles BL, Angenieux B, Inoue T, Del Rio-Tsonis K, Spence JR, McInnes RR, Arsenijevic Y, van der Kooy D
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 101(44):15772-15777, 2004.

The hedgehog pathway is a modulator of retina regeneration
Spence JR, Madhavan M, Ewing JD, Jones DK, Lehman BM, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Development 131(18):4607-4621, 2004.

A novel role of the hedgehog pathway in lens regeneration
Tsonis PA, Vergara MN, Kramer EL, Spence JR, Madhavan M, Call MK, Santiago WG, Valance JE, Robbins DJ, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Develop. Biol. 267:450-461, 2004.

Effects of a CDK inhibitor in lens regeneration
Tsonis PA, Madhavan M, Call MK, Gainer S, Rice A, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Wound Rep. Reg. 12:24-29, 2004.

Lens regeneration in mice: Implications in cataracts
Call MK, Grogg M, Del Rio-Tsonis K, and Tsonis PA
Exp. Eye Res. 78:297-299, 2004.

A Newt’s eye view of lens regeneration
Tsonis PA, Tancous E, Madhavan M, and Del Rio-Tsonis, K
Int. J. Dev. Biol. 48(8-9):975-980, 2004.

Retina repair, stem cells and beyond
Haynes TL and Del Rio-Tsonis, K
Current Neurovascular Research 1(3):231-239, 2004.

Lens and Retina Regeneration: Transdifferentiation, stem cells and clinical applications
Tsonis PA and Del Rio-Tsonis, K
Exp. Eye Res. 78:161-172, 2004.

Cold Stable Eye Lens Crystallins of the Antarctic Nototheniid Toothfish Dissostichus mawsoni
Kiss AJ, Mirarefi AY, Ramakrishnan S, Zukoski CF, DeVries AL, and Cheng CHC
J Exp Biol. 207:4633–4649.

Ectopic Pax6 expression disturbs lens fiber cell differentiation
Duncan MK, Xie L, David LL, Robinson ML, Taube JR, Cui W, and Reneker LW
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:3589-3598, 2004.

Insertion of a Pax6 consensus-binding site into the alpha-A-crystallin promoter acts as a lens epithelial cell enhancer in transgenic mice
Zhao H, Yang Y, Rizo CM, Overbeek PA, and Robinson ML
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:1930-1939, 2004.

Characterization of the roles of STAT1 and STAT3 signal transduction pathways in mammalian lens development
Ebong S, Chepelinsky AB, Robinson ML, Zhao H, Yu CR, and Egwuagu CE
Mol Vis 10:122-131, 2004.

Lens regeneration
In Development of the ocular lens
Del Rio-Tsonis K and Eguchi G, edited by F Lovicu and M Robinson
Cambridge University Press, pp.290-311, 2004.


A framework for vision’s bag of tricks
Billock VA
Science 300:742-743, 2003.

Spatiotemporal characteristics of hemodynamic changes in the human lateral prefrontal cortex during working memory tasks
Hoshi Y, Tsou BH, Billock VA , Tanosaki M, Iguchi Y, Shimada M, Shinnba T, Yamada Y and Oda I
NeuroImage 20:1493-1504, 2003.

Unique expression patterns of the retinoblastoma (Rb) gene in intact and lens regeneration-undergoing newt eye
Thitoff A, Call M, Del Rio-Tsonis K, and Tsonis PA
Anatomical Record 271A:185-188, 2003.

Expression of complement components C3 and C5 in newt limb and lens regeneration
Kimura Y, Madhavan M, Call MK, Santiago W, Tsonis PA, Lambris JD, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Journal of Immunology 170:2331-2339, 2003.

Eye Regeneration at the molecular age
Del Rio-Tsonis, K and Tsonis PA
Dev. Dyn. 226(2):211-224, 2003.

Dual nonlinearities regulate contrast sensitivity in pattern discrimination tasks
Olzak LA and Thomas JP
Vision Research 42:1871-1877, 2003.

Further considerations of a general d' in multidimensional space
Thomas RD
Journal of Mathematical Psychology 47:220-224, 2003.

Human vision and color
In Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering
Tsou BH and Billock VA , edited by RG Driggers
Marcel Dekker, Inc, pp.748-759, 2003.

Vision: Nonlinear dynamic approaches
In Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering
Billock VA and Tsou BH, edited by RG Driggers
Marcel Dekker, Inc, pp.2917-2928, 2003.

Visual information processing: Neural strategies, limitations and tradeoffs
In Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering
Billock VA and Tsou BH, edited by RG Driggers
Marcel Dekker, Inc, pp.2936-2948, 2003.


Expression and role of retinoic acid receptor alpha in lens regeneration
Tsonis PA, Tsavaris M, Call MK, Chandraratna RAS, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Dev. Growth Differ. 44(5):391-394, 2002.

Orientation-selective summing mechanisms mediate visual search
Laack KA and Olzak LA
Vision Research 43(13):1433-1442, 2003.

Specificity of E2F1, E2F2 and E2F3 in Mediating Phenotypes Induced by Loss of Rb1
Saavedra HI, Wu L, de Bruin A, Timmers C, Rosol TJ, Weinstein M, Robinson ML, and Leone G
Cell Growth Diff 13:215-225, 2002.

Bmp signaling is required for development of primary lens fiber cells
Faber SC, Robinson ML and Lang RA
Development 129:3727-3737, 2002.

Characterizing perceptual interactions in face identification using multidimensional signal detection theory In Computational, geometric, and process perspectives on facial cognition: Contexts and challenges
Thomas RD , edited by M. Wenger and J.T. Townsend
Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ,2002.


Perception of spatio-temporal random fractals: An extension of colorimetric methods to the study of dynamic texture
Billock VA , Cunningham DW, Havig PR and Tsou HP
Journal of the Optical Society of America A 18:2404-2413, 2001.

Fractal time and 1/f spectra in dynamic images and human vision
Billock VA , de Guzman GC and Kelso JAS
Physica D 148:136-146, 2001.

Perception of forbidden colors in retinally stabilized equiluminant images: An indication of softwired cortical color opponency?
Billock VA , Gleason GA and Tsou BH
Journal of the Optical Society of America A 18:2398-2403, 2001.

Sensorimotor adaptation to violations of temporal contiguity
Cunningham DW, Billock VA , and Tsou BH
Psychological Science 12:532-535, 2001.

FGF is an autocrine regulator of human lens cell growth independent of added stimuli
Wormstone IM, Del Rio-Tsonis K, McMahon G, Tamiya S, Davies PD, Marcantonio JM, and Duncan G
Invest.Opthalmol.Vis.Sci. 42(6):1305-1311, 2001.

A human pigment epithelium cell line as a model for lens transdifferentiation
Tsonis PA, Jang W, Del Rio-Tsonis K, and Eguchi G
Int. J. Dev. Biol. 45:753-758, 2001.

Second-order processes in vision: introduction
Chubb C, Olzak LA and Derrington A
Journal of the Optical Society of America A. 18:2197-2203, 2001.

Spatial phase sensitivity of the mechanisms that mediates discrimination of small orientation differences
Thomas, J. P. and Olzak LA
Journal of the Optical Society of America A. 18:2175-2178, 2001.

Misexpression of IGF-1 in the mouse lens induces epithelial proliferation and perturbs polarization
Shirke S, Faber S, Hallem E, Makarenkova H, Robinson ML, Overbeek PA, and Lang RA
Mech Dev 101:167-174, 2001.

Perceptual interactions of facial dimensions in speeded classification and identification
Thomas RD
Perception & Psychophysics 63:625-650, 2001.

The lens: Historical and comparative perspectives
In Development of the Ocular Lens
Robinson ML and Lovicu FJ. , edited by FJ Lovicu and Robinson ML
pp. 3-26, Cambridge University Press, NY, NY, 2001.

Eye Anatomy In ELS Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
Litzinger T and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Nature Publishing Group, Macmillan Publishers, 2001.


Neural acclimation to 1/f spatial frequency spectra in natural images transduced by the human visual system
Billock VA
Physica D 137:379-391, 2000.

The Leaning Tower of Pisa effect: An illusion mediated by colour, brightness and motion
Ditzinger T, Billock VA , Kelso JAS and Holtz J
Perception 29:1269-1272, 2000.

Role of retinoic acid in lens regeneration
Tsonis PA, Tromblay MT, Rowland T, Chandraratna RAS, and Del Rio-Tsonis, K
Dev. Dyn. 219:588-593, 2000.


Regulation of Prox 1 during lens regeneration
Del Rio-Tsonis K, Tomarev SI, and Tsonis PA
Invest.Opthalmol.Vis.Sci 40(9):2039-2045, 1999.

Paradigm shifts: New techniques to answer new questions
Olzak LA and Wickens TD
Perception 28:1509-1532, 1999.

Multiple gain-control mechanisms in contrast-contrast phenomena
Olzak LA and Laurine, PI
Vision Research, 39:3983-3987, 1999.

Neural recoding in human pattern vision: Model and mechanisms
Olzak LA and Thomas JP
Vision Research 39:231-256, 1999.

Target detection against narrow band noise backgrounds
Cannon MW, Reese GJ, and Fullenkamp SC
Vision Research 39:2191-2203, 1999.

A transgenic animal model of osmotic cataract. Part 1: Consequence of transgenic mice overexpressing bovine Na+/myo-inositol cotransporter in lens fibers
Cammarata PR, Zhou C, Chen G, Singh I, Reeves RE, Kuszak JR and Robinson ML
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis Sci 40:1727-1737, 1999.

Assessing sensitivity in a multidimensional space: Some problems and a definition of a general d’
Thomas RD
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 6:224-238, 1999.

Comprehensive Dictionary of Electrical Engineering
Reese GJ (contributing author in image processing and human vision)
Phil Laplante, Editor-in-Chief
CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1999.


Regulation of lens regeneration by fibroblast growth factor receptor 1
Del Rio-Tsonis K, Trombley MT, McMahon G, and Tsonis PA
Dev. Dyn. 213:140-146, 1998.

Regulation of homeobox-containing genes in lens regeneration
Jung JC, Del Rio-Tsonis K, and Tsonis PA
Exp. Eye Res. 66:361-370, 1998.

Disregulation of ocular morphogenesis by lens-specific expression of FGF-3/int-2 in transgenic mice
Robinson ML, Maruyama O, Chao-Chan C, Jamieson S, Dickson C, Overbeek PA, and Chepelinsky AB
Dev Biol 198:13-31, 1998.


Very short term visual memory via reverberation: A role for the cortico-thalamic excitatory circuit in temporal filling-in during blinks and saccades
Billock VA
Vision Research 37:949-953, 1997.

Conservation of FGF function in lens regeneration
Del Rio-Tsonis K, Jung JC, and Tsonis PA
Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A 94:13701-13706, 1997.

Discrimination of complex patterns: discriminations: Orientation information is integrated across spatial scale; spatial frequency and contrast information are not
Olzak LA and Wickens TD
Perception 26:1101-1120, 1997.

Contrast gain control and fine spatial discriminations
Thomas JP and Olzak LA
Journal of the Optical Society of America A 14:2392-2405, 1997.

Early cortical influences in object segregation and the perception of surface lightness
Laurinen PI, Olzak LA, and Peromaa TL
Psychological Science 8:386-390, 1997.


Consequences of retinal color coding for cortical color decoding
Billock VA
Science 274:2118-2119, 1996.

Evidence of spatial and temporal channels in the correlational structure of human spatiotemporal contrast sensitivity
Billock VA and Harding TH
Journal of Physiology 490:509-517, 1996.

Uncertaintyexperiments support the roles of second order mechanisms in spatial frequency and orientation discriminations
Thomas JP and Olzak LA
Journal of the Optical Society of America A 13:689-696, 1996.

Differential Expression of alpha-A and alpha-B - crystallin during murine ocular development
Robinson ML and Overbeek PA
Invest Opthalmol Vis Sci 37:2276-2284, 1996.

Separability and independence of dimensions in the same-different judgment task
Thomas RD
Journal of Mathematical Psychology 40:318-341, 1996.


Cortical simple cells can extract achromatic information from the multiplexed chromatic and achromatic signals in the parvocellular pathway
Billock VA
Vision Research 35:2359-2369, 1995.

Red-green opponent channel mediation of control of human ocular accommodation
Kotulak JC, Morse SE and Billock VA
Journal of Physiology 482:697-703, 1995.

Expression of Pax-6 during urodele eye development and lens regeneration
Del Rio-Tsonis K, Washabaugh CH, and Tsonis PA
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:5092-5096, 1995.

Cloning of homeobox sequences expressed in the intact and the regenerating newt eye
Washabaugh CH, Wallace JL, Tsonis PA, and Del Rio-Tsonis K
Gene 158:301-302, 1995.

Expression of a truncated FGF receptor results in defective lens development in transgenic mice
Robinson ML, MacMillan-Crow LA, Thompson JA, and Overbeek PA
Development 121:3959-3967, 1995.

Opponent-colour detection threshold asymmetries in subjects with optic nerve abnormalities
In Colour Vision Deficiencies XII
Billock VA , King-Smith PE, Vingrys AJ, Grigsby SS and Benes SC edited by B Drum
Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 53-61, 1995.

The spectral sensitivity of the acuity criterion: Effect of nonlinear summation of psychophysically isolated parvocellular receptive field centers
In Colour Vision Deficiencies XII
Billock VA edited by B Drum
Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 259-265, 1995.


Opponent-color detection threshold asymmetries may result from reduction of ganglion cell subpopulations
Billock VA, Vingrys AJ and King-Smith PE
Visual Neuroscience 11:99-109, 1994.

Unusual lenticular hydration in cataract-webbed deer mice
Dewey MJ, Robinson ML, and Walker D
Peromyscus Newsletter 17:30-31, 1995.

Extracellular FGF-1 acts as a lens differentiation factor in transgenic mice
Robinson ML, Overbeek PA, Verran DJ, Grizzel WE, Stockard CR, Friesel R, Maciag T and Thompson JA
Development 121:505-514, 1995.


The role of Fourier components in discrimination between two types of plaid patterns
Thomas JP, Olzak LA, and Shimozaki SS
Vision Research 33:1573-1579, 1993.

Genetic control of ocular morphogenesis: Defective lens development associated with ocular anomalies in C57Bl/6 mice
Robinson ML, Holmgren A and Dewey MJ
Exp Eye Res 56:7-16, 1993.


Configural effects constrain Fourier models of pattern discrimination
Olzak LA and Thomas JP
Vision Research 32:1885-1898, 1992.

Using distinctive Fourier components to discriminate between complex patterns
Thomas JP, Olzak LA, and Shimozaki SS
Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 12:189-192, 1992.

Constraints on Fourier models of human pattern recognition
Olzak LA and Thomas JP
Human Vision, Visual Processing, and Digital Display III, Bernice E. Rogowitz, Editor, Proceedings SPIE 1666 (The Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers):416-423, 1992.

Three views of association in concurrent detection ratings
In Multidimensional Models of Perception and Cognition
Wickens TD and Olzak LA , edited by F Gregory Ashby
pp. 229-252, Erlbaum, New Jersey 1992.

Simultaneous Detection and Identification
In Multidimensional Models of Perception and Cognition
Thomas JP and Olzak LA , edited by F Gregory Ashby
pp. 253-227, Erlbaum, New Jersey 1992.

Theoretical Results for Intensity Dependent Spread Functions
Reese GJ
The Journal of the Optical Society of America A 9:1682-1692, 1992.

Image Enhancement by Intensity Dependent Spread Functions
Reese GJ
Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing 54:45-55, 1992.


The relationship between simple and double opponent cells
Billock VA
Vision Research 31:33-42, 1991.

When orthogonal orientations are not processed independently
Olzak LA and Thomas JP
Vision Research 31:51-57, 1991.


Phase channels and the square-wave illusion
Billock VA and Leguire LE
Spatial Vision 5:43-50, 1990.

Cue summation in spatial discriminations
Thomas JP and Olzak LA
Vision Research 30:1865-1875, 1990.

Parametric methods for gamma and inverse gamma correction with extension to halftoning
Stanislaw H and Olzak LA
Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 22:402-408, 1990.

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