Sense-datum theories, from the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy:
The term ’sense-datum’ was coined early this century by Bertrand Russell. However, sense-datum accounts of perception go back much further. When Locke, Berkeley and Hume refer to "impressions" of sense, they appear to be referring to what we would now call sense-data.
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Oxford English Dictionary:
1. a. [first use of the term to apply to experimental results (i.e., “scientific data”):]
1777 PRIESTLEY Matt. & Spir. (1782) I. xii. 146 We have no data to go upon. . . . .
c. Philos. datum of consciousness, etc., esp. datum of sense.
1846 W. HAMILTON Wks. T. Reid 749/2 The primary data of consciousness are..admitted..to be true.
d. pl. The quantities, characters, or symbols on which operations are performed by computers and other automatic equipment, and which may be stored or transmitted in the form of electrical signals, records on magnetic tape or punched cards, etc.
1946 Ann. Computation Lab. Harvard Univ. I. 11 Two card feeds for supplying the machine with empirical or other data. 1946 Math. Tables & Other Aids to Computation II. 97 The [IBM card] reader scans standard punched cards..and causes data from them to be stored in relays located in the constant transmitter.