Job discrimination can effect many things in the workplace.  Performance is one of them.  Discriminating against an employee can cause that employee to believe that it is true.  Prejudice is a major factor in discrimination.  It is something that not all people are aware of as well as, can also cause a person to do less than what they are capable of doing.  If a co-worker or boss says that an employee is stupid, then that employee will believe that he or she is stupid.  Stereotypes can help you and hurt you depending on the stereotype. Stereotypes can be a threat to performance.   On the other end of the spectrum, when you praise an employee they will have more motivation to do well.
        The reason why all of this happens is because of the anxiety that is caused by being judged.  When an employee notices that they are being judged they become anxious and it is harder for them to concentrate on the task.  If the employee is being judged on a stereotype, they may reject that stereotype, but still cannot avoid it.  Claude Steel calls this "stereotype threat".  Steel advises employers to challenge their employees.  A "challenge conveys faith in their potential".

Other links throughout the tutorial:



Biased Levels of Performance

Modern Racism



This tutorial was produced for Psy 324, Advanced Social Psychology, Spring 2000 at Miami University.  All graphics are from the public domain, used with permission, or were created by the authors.  Social Psychology / Miami University (Ohio USA).   Last revised: Tuesday, March 11, 2014 at 23:55:31. This document has been accessed 1 times since 1 May 2000. Comments & Questions to R. Sherman