For Your Information

This page is dedicated to definitions and interesting things worth specific mention!

Implicit Race Attitude Test and Site:  www.yale.edu/implicit/
 

        Father, Mother, and
               Me, Sister, and
          All the people like us
               are We, and every
               one else is They.
          And They live over the
               sea, While We live
               over the way.
          But - would you
               believe it? - They
               look upon We
          As only a sort of They!
A Poem by Rudyard Kipling (1926) found in Introduction to Social Psychology by David G Meyers

.
     "we create cognitive simplifications (stereotypes) to guide how we perceive others and how
      we process social information."
Lippman,W. (1992).  Public opinion. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

    "Anthropologists believe that during the late Pleistocene epoch (from about 40,000 to 11,000 years ago), the first human      races evolved on the Eurasian and African landmasses.  At that time, most of Eurasia was too cold for human habitation, but in the habitable areas, five different racial groups developed:  Congoid, Capoid, Caucasoid, Mongoloid, and Australoid"
Compton's Encyclopedia Online

Merriam Webster Dictionary:  AOL keyword: dictionary, Stereotypes.
Stereotype [2] (noun) [French stereotype, from stere- stere- + type]  First appeared in1817:
          1 : a plate cast from a printing surface
          2 : something conforming to a fixed or general pattern; especially : a standardized mental picture that is held  in common by members of a group and that represents an oversimplified opinion, prejudiced attitude, or uncritical judgment

ste*reo*type [1] (verb transitive)  First appeared 1804
          1 : to make a stereotype from
          2 a : to repeat without variation : make hackneyed
            b : to develop a mental stereotype about
.
     "If we forsee evil in our fellow man, we tend to provoke it, if good we elicit it."
Gordon Allport, The nature of Prejudice (1958)

Definitions

Counter-stereotype: a trait or a view that goes against the common stereotype of a group.

Contact hypothesis: by increasing contact between members of different groups, a reduction of stereotypes and prejudice of the out-groups is expected.

In-group: “us”; a group of people who share a sense of belonging, a feeling of common identity.

Out-group:  “them”; a group that people perceive as distinctively different from or apart from the in-group.

Out-group Homogeneity Effect: perception of out-group members as more similar to one another than are in-group members, (ex. “They are all alike, we are diverse”).

Priming: presenting certain stimuli that activate other concepts relating to that stimuli.

Self-fullfilling Prophesy: a self-confirming apprehension that one's behavior will verify a negative stereotype.

Stereotype Threat: the risk of confirming a negative stereotype about one’s group as self characteristic

Ultimate Attribution Error: negative out-group behaviors are attributed to  personality characteristics while positive behaviors of out-group members are ignore or explained away.  
 

Primetime Home Viewer Impact Stereotype Threat Counter Stereotyping For Your Information References

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This tutorial was produced for Psy 324, Advanced Social Psychology, Spring 2000 at Miami University.  All graphics are from the public domain, used with permission, or were created by the authors.  Social Psychology / Miami University (Ohio USA).   Last revised: Tuesday, March 11, 2014 at 23:37:42. This document has been accessed 1  times since 1 May 2000. Comments & Questions to R. Sherman