The Surge of Artificial Intelligence: Time To Re-examine Ourselves

By
Teresa Cattaneo


Background

manvs_mach2.gif (5797 bytes)

Match 6.  Score tied.  One opponent, Kasparov, wipes the sweat from his forehead.  Deep Blue, his competitor, has no forehead.  Kasparov has three minutes to make a move.  His brain is processing at a speed of 1 to 2 possible positions a second averaging 540 moves in this allotted three minutes.  Deep Blue processing 2 to 3 million positions a second is averaging 26 billion in three minutes.  Now Deep Blue's move.  Ultimately the most dreadful event the game of chess has ever experienced.  The computer has checkmate!

Approaches to A.I.  
      Perhaps one of the biggest advances in technology this century concerns Artificial Intelligence (A.I.).  This surge is promoting a mixture of conflicting thoughts, feelings, and emotions.  One of the most controversial issues with the rise of A.I. is where it measures in comparison to humans. 
 
A.I. in the 90's and in the future       One of the most relevant battles to this issue is seen in the chess match between man (Garry Kasparov) and machine (Deep Blue).  Because chess mastery is considered the ultimate in human intelligence, this match has dire implications. 
 

Implications  
 

 
 
      One of the fears was that if Deep Blue wins, this will be an indicator that A.I. need not attempt to emulate the brain to surpass it.  (How's that for the human ego!) 
 
 
Re-examine Ourselves         This match of man versus machine goes far beyond victor and loser. Implications of A.I. in everyday life can be very positive, therefore, driving the development and research of robots.  In this enterprise of creating human intelligence from silicon, one crucial step has been unique to all approaches.  That is, in order to create artificially intelligent humans, we have to re-examine what it is to be human. 
 
Bibliography

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Special thanks to WISC for the above graphic.
This project was produced for Psy380, Social Psychology of Cyberspace, Spring 1998, at Miami University.

This document was created April 19, 1998 and last modified on Tuesday, March 11, 2014 at 17:34:10.
This document has been accessed 1 times since April 15, 2002.
Please send comments and suggestions to shermarc@miamioh.edu