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Pack Facts

There are 23 sub species of wolves and they have been found as far south as Mexico City, Mexico and as far north as Cape Morris Jesup, Greenland (which is less than 400 miles from the North Pole).

Wolves have been found in all areas of North America
between the two lines on this map.
They have also been found in Europe, and Asia
above 30 degrees North Latitude.

Out of the 23 sub species of wolves, 7 are known to be extinct and others are suspected to be gone forever. The adult wolf has an average life span of 8 or nine years. Its only natural predator is the human.


Wolves live in family groups called packs. The pack is highly organized so that members (especially the young) are protected and healthy. There is usually an alpha (top) male and an alpha (top) female. Most of the time this pair is the one that produces the young, but there are times when a lower male will breed with the alpha female.

The alpha female has a lot of control over the pack. She is the one who picks where the pack will live and hunt for the season. Female wolves are faster than their male peers and, when they are young, are better hunters. The alpha pair are not always in charge. Another high ranking wolf may lead a hunt or care for the pups. But in general the alpha pair are in charge of the big decisions of the pack.

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