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Basis for Oversight

For Investigators/Instructors using vertebrate animals, review of the protocol for this use is required by two federal agencies:

  • The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • The U.S. Public Health Service (PHS)

The USDA and PHS requirements are similar but differ in subtle ways, however, PHS rules require institutions to comply with USDA regulations. Most federal funding agencies require compliance with PHS policy and rules, as do many private foundations. Miami maintains a statement of assurance (Federal Wide Assurance (FWA)) approved by the PHS and recognized by 17 federal agencies regarding the treatment of animals. The FWA details how Miami University will comply with the PHS policy and rules (as well as those of the USDA). Miami University’s Assurance and USDA Site Certification numbers are listed on the IACUC home page.

Miami Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC):  

Federal guidelines state that the University President, or his/her designee, shall appoint an IACUC consisting of not less than 5 members and including at least:

  • A doctor of veterinary medicine
  • A practicing scientist experienced in research involving animals
  • A member whose primary concerns are in a nonscientific area (e.g., ethicist, lawyer, clergy)
  • An individual who is not affiliated with the institution in any way other than as a member of the IACUC, and is not a member of the family of a person who is affiliated with the institution.


Functions of the IACUC

As an agent of the institution, the IACUC shall:

  • review at least once every 6 months the institution's program for humane care and use of animals
  • inspect at least once every 6 months all of the institution's animal facilities
  • prepare reports of the IACUC activities above
  • review concerns involving care and use of animals
  • make recommendations to the institutional official about any aspect of the animal program, facilities, or personnel training
  • review and approve, require modifications to, or withhold approval of activities related to the care and use of animals
  • review and approve, require modifications to, or withhold approval of proposed significant changes in use of animals in ongoing activities
  • be authorized to suspend an activity involving animal


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